What is bone cancer?
Bone cancer may occur in any bone of body, but it most commonly affects the pelvis or the long bones in the arms and legs. Compare to other types of cancer, bone cancer is rare. It makes up less than 1 percent of all cancers.
What are the symptoms of bone cancer?
Signs and symptoms of bone cancer include:
• Bone pain
• Swelling and tenderness near the affected area
• Weakened bone, leading to fracture
• Unintended weight loss
What are types of bone cancer?
Based on the location of tumour, bone cancer is divided into following four types:
- Osteosarcoma:Osteosarcoma is the most common form of bone cancer in which the cancerous cells produce bone. It is mostly seen in children and young adults, in the bones of the leg or arm. Rarely, it can arise outside of bones (extraskeletal osteosarcomas).
- Chondrosarcoma:It is the second most common form of bone cancer, in which cancerous cells are produced in cartilage. It usually occurs in the pelvis, legs or arms in middle-aged and older adults.
- . Ewing sarcoma: These tumours most commonly arise in the pelvis, legs or arms of children and young adults
What are the causes of bone cancer?
In most circumstances, it’s not clear what causes bone cancer.
In general, cancer occurs when cells develop flaws (mutations) in their DNA. The errors make cells multiply and divide out of control. The accumulating abnormal cells form a tumor that can arise to invade nearby structures and the abnormal cells can spread to other parts of the body.
What are risk factors of bone cancer?
Risk factors of bone cancer include:
- Inherited genetic syndromes: Genetic including Li-Fraumeni syndrome and hereditary retinoblastoma increases your risk of develop
- Paget’s disease of bone: Paget’s disease is mostly seen in adults. It is prominent risk factor of cancer developing later.
- Radiation therapy for cancer:Exposure to large doses of radiation, increases the risk of bone cancer in the future.
What is the treatment for bone cancer?
In surgery, the entire cancerous tumor is removed along with some healthy portion surrounding it. Lost bone is replaced with bone from another area of your body or with material from a bone bank or with a replacement made of metal and hard plastic. If tumours are located in a complicated area of body, then amputation surgery is performed in which all or part of a limb is removed. If complete limb is removed then it is fitted with artificial limb
2. Radiation therapy
Radiation kills cancer cells. It is performed after surgery to kill the remaining cancer cells and prevent chances of recurring cervical cancer.
In Chemotherapy, different drugs are used to kill the cancer cells. Usually chemotherapy and radiation therapy are given at the same time. But it is not effective for some type bone cancers. For example, chemotherapy is generally not very effective for chondrosarcoma, but it’s an important part of treatment for osteosarcoma and Ewing sarcoma.
Why choose Oncoxpert?
Oncoxpert is leading cancer hospital for the treatment of bone cancer. At Oncoxpert Hospital, we have the best cancer doctors who specialize in treating bone cancer with surgery, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy.