What is endometrial cancer?
Endometrial cancer occurs in uterus cells that form the lining of the uterus, called the endometrium. Uterus is the hollow, pear-shaped pelvic organ where fetal development occurs. It is sometimes called uterine cancer. It is highly detectable in early stage as it causes abnormal vaginal bleeding. It affects the reproductive system of women. Most common symptoms of endometrial cancer are unusual or heavy bleeding and a watery discharge.
What are causes of endometrial cancer?
The exact cause of endometrial cancer is not known. But it occurs due to changes (mutations) in the DNA of cells in the endometrium — the lining of the uterus. This mutation causes abnormal growth. The accumulation of abnormal cells form a mass (tumor).
What are symptoms of endometrial cancer?
Signs and symptoms of endometrial cancer may include:
- Vaginal bleeding after menopause
- Bleeding between periods
- Pelvic pain
What are treatment options for endometrial cancer?
Treatments include surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, and hormone therapy. The chance of surviving longer than 5 years is over 95 percent if diagnosis happens early.
Goal of surgery is to remove tumour from uterus. Surgical treatment for endometrial cancer normally takes the form of a hysterectomy, or the removal of the uterus together with the fallopian tubes and the ovaries. This normally involves a 2-night stay in a hospital, but resuming normal activities can take from 4 to 8 weeks.
• Radiation kills cancer cells. It is performed after surgery to kill the remaining cancer cells and prevent chances of recurring cervical cancer.
• In chemotherapy different drugs are used to kill the cancer cells. Usually chemotherapy and radiation therapy are given at the same time.
What are risk factors of endometrial cancer?
Factors that increase the risk of endometrial cancer include:
- Changes in the balance of female hormones in the body.
- More years of menstruation.
- Never having been pregnant.
- Older age.
- Hormone therapy for breast cancer.
- An inherited colon cancer syndrome.
Why choose Oncoxpert?
Endometrial cancers have a high cure rates if managed appropriately. At oncoXpert these patients are treated by gynec oncology specialists. Most commonly surgeries are done by keyhole methods-laparoscopy or robotic surgery.
We aim to provide holistic nursing to the patients with endometrial cancer which involves multidisciplinary care with the high level and globally recommended treatment methods. OncoXpert tries a humble attempt to provide affordably and the best possible treatment for patients with lung cancer and ensures positive outcomes for them.