What is prostate cancer?
Prostate gland is present in males that produces seminal fluid required to nourish and transport sperm. Prostate cancer is abnormal growth of cells in prostate. It is one of the most common cancer in men and usually observed in men above 40 years. There are many type of prostate cancers. Some of them does not cause any harm. Some prostate cancers grow slowly and may not require treatment but other type of prostate cancers spread quickly and required serious attention.
What are the symptoms of prostate cancer?
In earlier stage prostate cancer does not causes any serious symptoms but with the age it shows symptoms like increased frequency of urination at night, urgency, poor urinary stream, sense of incomplete passing of urine.
Prostate cancer that’s more advanced may cause signs and symptoms such as:
• Trouble urinating
• Decreased force in the stream of urine
• Blood in the urine
• Blood in the semen
• Bone pain
• Losing weight without trying
• Erectile dysfunction
What are risk factors of prostate cancer?
Risk factors associated with prostate cancer are:
• Older age: Risk increases with age. Usually, people with age more than 40 years are at greater risk.
• Race. It has been observed that, black people are at greater risk of prostate cancer than other races of people.
• Family history. If a person has family history of prostate cancer, then he is at increased risk of prostate cancer. If blood relative, such as a parent, sibling or child, has been diagnosed with prostate cancer, then the risk is more.
• Obesity. Obese people are at more risk of prostate cancer as in obese people cancer is more likely to be more aggressive and more likely to return after initial treatment.
What are treatment options available for prostate cancer?
Prostate cancer treatment depends upon several factors such as – type and stage of cancer, possible side effects, and the patient’s preferences and overall health. Sometimes combined treatment plan is required for the treatment. The following treatment options are available at Oncoxpert cancer hospital.
Surgery: Surgery is most common option for prostate cancer. Radical prostatectomy is a process of removing entire prostate gland and is used for the treatment of prostate cancer which has not spread. For advanced or recurrent prostate cancer, other surgical procedures may be chosen, such as removal of lymph nodes, which are initial landing spots for the spread of prostate cancer.
Chemotherapy: Chemotherapy is decided based on several factors such as:
1. What other treatment options or clinical trials are available.
2. How well chemotherapy is likely to be tolerated.
3. What prior therapies you have received.
The goal of chemotherapy is to prevent cancer from spreading in other areas. Radiation may needed prior to chemotherapy to relieve pain quickly.
Radiation therapy: Radiation therapy is recommended in men with cancer that has penetrated through the prostate capsule (layer of connective tissue around the prostate) and/or who have positive margins after surgery.
Hormone therapy: Hormone therapy is recommended for prostate cancer spread to lymph node. It helps the patient to live longer.
Multiple treatment options are available for patients presenting in advanced stages of cancer such as Androgen deprivation therapy, Systemic chemotherapy, and many newer drugs which can keep the disease under control as well as considerably improving the quality of life.
Why choose Oncoxpert for prostate cancer treatment?
At Oncoxpert, we have highly skilled team of medical oncologists, surgeons, and radiation oncologists who work together to create an overall treatment plan. They may combine different types of treatments for prostate cancer treatment. Our multidisciplinary team also palliative care experts, physician assistants, nurse practitioners, oncology nurses, social workers, pharmacists, counsellors, dietitians, physical therapists, and others. They provides personalised care to every patient.