What is testicular cancer?
Testicular cancer is abnormal growth of cells occurs in the testicles (testes). These testicles are located inside the scrotum, a loose bag of skin underneath the penis and produces male sex hormones and sperms. Compared with other types of cancer, testicular cancer is rare and is usually happen in males ages between 15 and 35.
Testicular cancer — like any cancer — occurs when the body’s cells reproduce for no reason. It’s also capable of spreading throughout the body. But the best thing is, testicular cancer is completely treatable. It can be treated in advanced stage also.
What are symptoms of testicular cancer?
The most common symptoms of testicular cancer are –
- A lump or enlargement in either testicle
- A feeling of heaviness in the scrotum
- A dull ache in the abdomen or groin
- A sudden collection of fluid in the scrotum
- Pain or discomfort in a testicle or the scrotum
- Enlargement or tenderness of the breasts
- Back pain
What are causes of testicular cancer?
Healthy cells in our body grow and divide to keep body functioning normal. But sometimes some cells grow abnormally and continue dividing even new cells are not required. These cells form a mass in testicles. All testicular cancers begin in the germ cells. Germ cells are the cells that produce immature sperm. The exact cause of this abnormal growth is still not known.
What are risk factors of testicular cancer?
Factors that can put you at risk of testicular cancer include:
- An undescended testicle (cryptorchidism): The testes are developed in the abdominal area during fetal development and usually descend into the scrotum before birth. If these testes are not descended then it increases the risk of developing testicular cancer.
- Abnormal testicle development.There are certain other parameters like Klinefelter syndrome that causes abnormal development of testicles which may increase your risk of testicular cancer.
- Family history.If anyone in blood relation like siblings, parents or other person have had testicular cancer, then risk of cancer increases.
- This type of cancer mainly affects teens and younger men, particularly those between ages 15 and 35. However, it can occur at any age.
- Testicular cancer is more common in white men than in black men.
What are treatment options available for testicular cancer?
Following treatment options are available at Oncoxpert cancer hospital:
There are two types of surgeries that can be performed for the treatment of testicular cancer:
- Radical inguinal orchiectomy: This type of surgery is performed to remove your testicle. It is the primary treatment for nearly all stages and types of testicular cancer.
- Retroperitoneal lymph node dissection: This surgery is performed to remove nearby lymph nodes. It is performed through an incision in your abdomen.
- Radiation therapy
Radiation therapy is performed after surgery to kill the cancer cells or prevent them from growing. It is given based on the type and stage of the cancer being treated. External radiation therapy is used to treat testicular cancer.
The goal of chemotherapy is to prevent cancer from spreading in other areas. The way the chemotherapy is given depends on the type and stage of the cancer being treated.
Why to choose Oncoxpert for testicular cancer treatment?
At OncoXpert we provide most advanced testicular cancer treatment. We keep our patients at the centre of all of our work and constantly think about how we can support you and your loved ones at every turn.
We have a team of highly experienced oncologists who are dedicated in providing you with the very best possible care and treatment. We have our branches in 5 major cities of India i.e. Pune, Mumbai, Bangalore, Lucknow and Hyderabad.