What Is Esophageal Cancer?
The esophagus is a long and muscular tube that carries food, fluids, and saliva from the throat to the stomach. Esophageal cancer is caused by the production of malignant cells in the tissues of the esophagus, which multiply significantly to form a mass or tumor.
What Are The Symptoms Of Esophageal Cancer?
Usually, esophageal cancer signs are not visible until it develops enough to narrow the esophagus. Cancer can also increase beyond the esophagus and develop either into the surrounding tissues or distant organs of the body before the diagnosis.
People who have esophageal cancer may undergo the following signs:
- Coughing, vomiting
- Dysphagia, i.e., difficulty in swallowing
- Pressure, burning or pain in the chest
- Unexplained weight loss
- Heartburn or indigestion
What Are The Causes Of Esophageal Cancer?
Factors that make irritation in the Esophagus and improve the risks of esophageal cancer are:
- Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)
- High consumption of alcohol
- Bile reflux
- Regular consumption of hot liquids
- A diet poor in fruits and vegetables
- Chromosome and gene abnormalities
What Are The Different Types Of Esophageal Cancer?
Here are the types of esophageal cancer:
· Squamous Cell Carcinoma: Squamous cell cancer occurs in the flat cells lining the esophagus. This type of cancer occurs normally in the upper and middle parts of the esophagus and is ordinarily considered to be the most common cancer in the world.
· Adenocarcinoma: It happens in the glandular cells of the Esophagus. Usually, it expands in the lower part of the esophagus, which is nearer to the stomach.
· Other few types of esophageal cancer are small cell carcinoma, sarcoma, lymphoma, melanoma, and choriocarcinoma.
What Are The Treatment Options For Esophageal Cancer?
The treatment for esophageal cancer depends on the cancer stage and the patient’s current health. Esophageal cancer treatment includes the following options:
· Surgery – If cancer has not improved past the surface layers of the Esophagus or to distant organs, a doctor can use an endoscope to remove the tumor. In severe cases, a part of the esophagus and lymph nodes around it are also removed. Further, the tube is reconstructed in the stomach or large intestine to enable feedings. If that is not possible, a percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy may be used in which a tube is passed into the patient’s stomach through the abdominal wall to allow tube feedings.
· Chemotherapy – It includes the use of medications to stop the cancer cell’s capacity to grow and divide.
· Radiation Therapy – It uses beams of x-rays to attack the cancer cells. The radiation may be applied externally with the help of a machine or by temporarily inserting a radioactive wire into the esophagus.
· Targeted Therapy – It is the treatment that targets cancer-specific genes to prevent the increase of cancer cells while restricting damage to healthy cells.
· Photodynamic Therapy – Light therapy may be used if cancer cells are tiny in size and limit to only one point. As part of the treatment, a photosensitizing drug is injected into the patient’s body where cells absorb and keep the drug concentration for a longer duration.
Why Choose us?
At Oncoxpert Hospital, we have the best cancer doctors who specialize in treating breast cancer with surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, and hormonal therapy.